AS was discovered in 1944 by Hans 阿斯伯格, a Viennese pediatrician .He first described it as a 人格障碍 referring it as a 精神病 in the childhood. Later in 1980’s autistic 精神病 was recognized as a single disorder known as 阿斯伯格’s syndrome, named after Hans 阿斯伯格. But till this date researchers fail to clear the doubt between 阿斯伯格’s syndrome and 高功能自闭症. Because people with AS share the many 症状 of the 高功能自闭症. As a result identifying 阿斯伯格’s syndrome as a single domain remains in question .therefore pathologists 是 still struggling to find the 确切原因 of this syndrome.
在所有自闭症谱系障碍中，例如普遍性发育障碍（PDD），表型（BAP）等，阿斯伯格’s syndrome has similar 症状 of autism. AS is marked by poor 社交互动, odd 言语模式 and 奇特的方式 of carrying oneself with the same routine and have resistance to change. It is also noted that people having this syndrome lack motor co-ordination. They 是 usually clumsy, shabbily dressed and fail to understand other’s body language and 面部表情. They 是 also unable to emote their feelings and therefore fail to make much friends. And since the usual onset of 阿斯伯格’s syndrome is during childhood, 因此，一旦养成的习惯将永远持续下去。
The signs and 症状 present in a person with AS can broadly be classified as under
那些患有AS的人在建立终身关系方面经历失败 .this results due to their poor social interaction. 他们缺乏对他人的同情心。他们不愿与他人分享经验。 They do not involve themselves into situations and 是 happy if left at their own. They fail to recognize the societal norms and accepted behaviour.Therefore they 是 unable to 适合 the society. They exhibit strange behavior towards others like giving weird 面部表情 ,non-smiling face and use of pedantic language. They indulge in one sided conversations and therefore 是 not good listeners.
Another common symptom in AS patients is their inflexibility regarding their interests and behavior. They follow their own set routine and seldom allow any change. They follow their routine religiously. Any change in their routine can make them violent as reported in some cases. 他们喜欢整理东西，任何细微的变化都会发脾气或哭泣。they form special interest in any subject and usually excel in it. But they may fail in other subjects if not of their interest. Patients of AS have strong rote memorization but lack in abstract comprehension. An additional symptom in some cases is of repeated motor mannerisms. These mannerisms include hand or finger flapping, rocking, spinning, jumping etc.
Those with 阿斯伯格 syndrome might not have any delay in language formation but they do encounter problems while using correct words in the correct context. They 是 quite familiar with wide and new words but lack the sensibility to use them. They interpret the words according to their will. They 是 unable to note the elusive differences in accent ,tone and pitch. The most peculiar feature about their oral communication is their use of ornamental language. Their sentences 是 often laden with pedantic words as if quoting from a book. They 是 unable to sustain other people’s interest in their conversation due to lack of correct intonation and their tendency to jump one topic to another like drop of a hat.
People with AS often relate their problems with their sensory experiences i.e. experiences related to the senses of touch,smell,hear and seeing. Another 症状 identified in some cases 是 attention difficulties and sleep problems.
Causes of 阿斯伯格’s syndrome –
Many researchers believe heredity to be the main cause of this disorder while some suggest mental disorders like depression and bipolar disorder to be associated with AS. Some research in AS cases have led researchers to associate birth defects with the syndrome. Some 是 also looking at environmental factors as a possible cause to 阿斯伯格’s Syndrome.
Although pathologists 是 still trying to distinguish AS from ASD ,yet some findings determine a different mechanism of AS from ASD.Neuroanatomical studies suggest that the AS’s mechanism involves some abnormal migration of embryonic cell during the conception of a fetus ,resulting in the alteration of control thought and behavior in the later stage.